Volume XXXVIII, No. 3, June 2016
- Cover: Hallazgo de un depósito de excéntricos en Dzehkabtún, Campeche, Mpo. de Hopelchén (Lola M. Kaiser, Iken Paap, Antonio Benavides Castillo).
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Joshua J. Kwoka
Aztec commoner access to foreign trade goods: a west mexican bronze needle from the Teotihuacan Valley
Despite the expanding scope and increasing frequency of studies of Mesoamerican metallurgy, significant gaps in knowledge remain. This article examines the consumption and discard practices of west Mexican metal objects within the Teotihuacan Valley. In 1957, René Millon recovered a metal needle from a small Late Aztec (A.D. 1350 - 1520) irrigation canal located in the lower Teotihuacan Valley. The author has identified the needle as belonging to Period 2 of the west Mexican tradition (ca. A.D. 1100 - conquest). This singular find contributes to our understanding of the distribution of west Mexican metal artifacts, Aztec-Tarascan mechanisms of exchange, and Aztec commoner access to west Mexican goods.
Re-evaluating the ancient Maya salt works at Placencia Lagoon, Belize
The Placencia Lagoon Salt Works in southern Belize are re-evaluated based on 2015 field work, building on previous research by J. Jefferson MacKinnon. Information is updated with some previously investigated sites impacted by tourism development following a direct hit by Hurricane Iris in 2001. Comparisons are made with the Paynes Creek Salt Works in terms of a similar salt-water lagoon environment, similar salt-production artifacts (briquetage), the presence of earthen mounds, and the absence of preserved wooden architecture at the Placencia Lagoon Salt Works. Investigation of the Placencia Lagoon Salt Works mounds provides new insights into salt production in that area and also provides an indication of the ancient extent of brine enrichment at the Paynes Creek Salt Works where earthen mounds are scarce. Ongoing field research will evaluate the spatial context of production.